• Read the "Installation Guide" and the "Warranty" carefully before installing the product.
  • All installed floorboards will be considered as accepted by the installer and/or homeowner.
  • Before ordering, always add 5 % of the total quantity in square feet to order.
  • Take note:
    1 pack = 20 square feet
    1 pallet = 48 packs = 960 square feet


Always make sure that all the plastering, cement work and painting are completed and completely dried. Make sure that the heating system and/or conditioning system has been operationing for 5 days prior to bringing the floor to better let the floorboards adjust to the ambiant temperature and humidity.

It's essential to let the wood acclimatize for at least 48 hours at a normal relative humidity level (40 to 50%).

Subflooring should be stable and leveled. Check humidity level. The National Wood Floor Association (NWFA) says that there should be no more than 2 % difference in moisture content between properly acclimated wood flooring and sub-flooring materials.

Remove all baseboards and doorsills.

The Preparations


The humidity level of a house can fluctuate considerably without control over the seasons. Changes in relative humidity indoor cause floorboards to expand and contract. Extreme changes may damage flooring. To protect your investment and enjoy your flooring for years to come, maintain the humidity level between 40 to 50%.

Use only well known brands of products to clean your Mont-Royal Hardwoods floor.

Protection Measures

Tools andaccessories

Use the following tools and accessories to install Mont-Royal Hardwoods floorboards:

measuring tape square
chalk line hammer
nail punch pry bar
touch up pencil manual or air-driven hardwood hammer
electric miter saw rubber mallet
handsaw electric drill with a 3/32” (2mm) bit
flooring nails finishing nails
spiral nails (Hardox) broom
vacuum cleaner stapler
protective eyewear knee pads

Installation Procedure

  • Leave a ¾" (19mm) expansion joint along all the walls in the room. Baseboard and quarter round will hide the joint.
  • The expansion joint can also be under the finishing wall.
  • Saw ¾" (19mm) off the bottom of the door frame to be able to slide in a floorboard under the door frame.
  • You might need to adjust the bottom of the doors.
  • The subfloor must be swept and kept clean.
  • Always follow the safety instructions for air-driven or electric tool use.
  • Install a vapour barrier (if necessary).
  • The first row of floorboards must be perfecty straight from one end of the room to the other. Use a chalk line to mark a line parallel to the wall that you are starting from. The line should be 3" (76mm) away from the wall for 2" (57mm) wide floorboards. If you are using 3 1/4" (83mm) wide floorboards, it should be 4" (102mm) away from the wall. The guide line must make a 90º angle with the adjacent wall. It is very important to start laying the wood floorboards at the right angle.
  • Open a few boxes and choose some floorboards to lie down on the floor. Choose only perfectly straight floorboards for the first two rows since you will install them manually.
  • Inspect the bottom of the hardwood hammer and its working condition to prevent damaging the floorboards and repeat frequently during all the duration of the installation.
  • Carefully select the floorboards. Those with imperfections should be cut to eliminate the flaw or installed in less visible areas (in closets and under electrical appliances for example).
  • Handle the floorboards with care in order to prevent damage during the installation.
  • Install the first floorboards by drilling 3/32" (2mm) holes at 1" (25mm) from the edges of each floorboard at 12" (30cm) interval. Use a hammer and nail punch to drive in the finishing nails and mask the holes with a touch up pencil.
  • Measure and saw a floorboard to complete the first row. Choose a floorboard that is long enough so that the remaining piece can be use to start the next row. Leave a 1/4" (6mm) space between the wall and the end of each floorboard row.
  • Start the second row with a floorboard at least 6" (15cm) longer or shorter than the adjacent floorboard to avoid adjoining joints. Install the next two floorboard rows by drilling 3/32" (2mm) holes at a 45º angle in the tongue of each floorboard at 8" to 10' (20-25cm) intervals. Use nail punch to drive in finishing nails completely. The drilled holes must be slightly smaller or of the same diameter as the finishing nails to ensure a tight fit and avoids cracks. Each piece must be held by a minimum of two (2) nails.
  • Install all other rows in the same manner, using only a hardwood hammer. Use scrap or defective floorboards to determine the amount of strength required to nail properly.
  • For the best flooring result, avoid placing joints next to each other by choosing different floorboard lengths. Staggering the joints makes them less noticeable.
  • Install the last three or four rows as you did for the first two since the nearby wall will make it difficult to use the hardwood hammer.
  • Once all floorboards have been placed, install the baseboards, quarter rounds and doorsills. The baseboards and quarter rounds must be nailed to the walls, not to the floor.
  • For maintenance and care of your Mont-Royal Hardwoods floor, please refer to "Maintenance and preservation guidelines" in the Warranty section.

Useful Tips

To prevent damage to the surface, prefinished hardwood flooring must be handled more carefully during installation than traditional parquet.

It's possible to replace a damage hardwood floorboard. Just make cuts with a saw on the length of the floorboard you want to remove without damaging the adjacent floorboards. If necessary, drill holes to weaken the floorboard and use a wood chisel. Remove the center of the board and then remove the tongues. Cut the replacement floorboard to the length desired. Then cut the bottom of the grooves to insert and secure it there with wood glue.

If you must move heavy pieces of furniture (refrigerator, piano, love seat, etc.) never slide them directly on the flooring. Instead, place a piece of carpet face down between the furniture legs and the flooring and pull on the carpet to move the furniture. Doing so, you will avoid damaging your hardwood flooring.

Empty cardboard boxes can be used to protect your flooring during the installation.

Useful Tips